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Second World Irrigation Forum (WIF2) was successfully organized at Chiang Mai of Thailand from 6 to 8th November, 2016. In the forum, Neplese delegation was led by honorable Irrigation Minister, Mr Deepak Giri. DDG Mr Bashu Dev Lohanee, SDE Mr. Suresh Sharma and SDE Mr. Gautam Thakur from DoI were the members of Delegates. The theme of the convention was “Water Management in a Changing World: Role of Irrigation for Sustainable Food Production”. The convention was attended by over 1,200 participants from 56 countries representing various disciplines including Ministers, farmers, researchers, international scientific community members, engineers, industrialists, academicians, policy makers and irrigation managers.
Human civilization took its first major leap forward by the advent of agriculture practices and furthered it by the development of irrigated agriculture. Irrigation and drainage interventions lead to multiple advantages and opportunities by providing not only adequate agricultural water, but also adequate nutrition, employment generation and poverty reduction at the rural level especially in third world countries. The steady increase in world population, climate change, and frequent spells of droughts are some of the factors that need to be addressed in order to achieve food security and thus guarantee the very existence of human kind. The steady increase in population requires a sustainable growth in agriculture output in which the role of irrigation is of paramount importance and we need to work hard towards making it more accessible and reliable for the end users. Irrigation and drainage policies therefore need to be based upon scientiﬁc rationale, wider experience sharing and learning from the successful implementations around the world.